About Susa



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About the city of Susa (shoush)  (translated by M. Sanjarizadeh)

This city has a long, long history. It used to be called, “Susa”, but is now known as Shoush. There are two very important places in Shoush. Firstly, there is the castle of Khashayar Shah (King Xerxes). Secondly, there is the mausoleum of the prophet Daniel. Shoush lies in the west of the state of Khozestan, and is an important city on the transit road and the train route linking Tehran to Khoramshahr. Both the natural features and its history make Shoush the most important place for visitors to Khozestan. Shoush covers an area of 3577 km2 and had a population of 158 000 in 1370, but now due to population growth is approximately 200 000.

Shoush is surrounded by fertile farmlands. One of the important factories is “Haftapeh,” which produces sugar. Around Shoush there are 3 important rivers: Karkheh, Dez and Shravur.

How to get to Susa (shoush or Shush)

If you want to see this city, you can catch a train there easily. Don’t forget, the best times to visit Shoush are winter and spring as the weather is absolutely beautiful then. The places you will enjoy visiting are Khashayar Shah’s castle, the ancient ruins in the hills of Apadana, and the museum of Shoush. For more information, please click on the link to the places you want to see.

Nature around the city of Susa

Shoush is warm and dry with a summer maximum of 530C and a winter minimum of -10 C. The annual rainfall is only 250mm. Shoush lies on the wide plains of Khozestan and its water comes from the Karheh River, which comes from Mt Alvand in Lorestan, where it is called Semera. In Khozestan, it is called Kalheh, where it flows into the Persian Gulf. The most important trees in this city are the “Gaz”, “Konar”, and ”Kohor”. There are excellent grasslands for animals including foxes, wolves, hyenas, deer and gazelles. The most famous birds are partridges, swans and pheasants. The main source of employment is agriculture, especially wheat, barley, cinnamon, and beans. The second biggest industry is sheep and dairy farming.


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